Relative atomic mass: 200.59 +- 0.02

English: Mercury
French: Mercure
Croatian: Ziva
German: Quecksilber
Italian: Mercurio
Spanish: Mercurio

Atomic number: 80
Group numbers: 12
Period: 6
Standard state (20 oC): liquid

Discovery: - -
Mercury has been known since ancient times. The origin of the name comes from the Latin word hydrargyrum meaning liquid silver. It is a heavy, silver-white metal, liquid at ordinary temperatures, stable in air and water. Mercury is unreactive with alkalis and most acids. It gives off poisonous vapour that has a chronic cumulative effect. Mercury rarely occurs free in nature. The chief ore is cinnabar or mercury sulfide (HgS). It is used in thermometers, barometers and batteries, also in electrical switches and mercury-vapour lighting products. The price of 99.998 % pure redistilled mercury metal is 54.90 for 450 g.
Electronic configuration: [Xe] 4f14 5d10 6s2
Formal oxidation number: +1 +2
Atomic radius: 150.3 pm

Electronegativities: 1.9
Thermal conductivity: 8.34 W/(m K)
Electrical resistivity (20 oC): 95.8 microOhm cm

Melting point: -38.83 oC
Boiling point: 356.73 oC

Heat of fusion: 2.331 kJ/mol
Heat of vaporization: 59.11 kJ/mol
Heat of atomization: 64.463 kJ/mol

79Au <= 80Hg => 81Tl

ASCII Periodic Table of the Elements
29 Aug. 2017
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